Culture of Nepal

About the culture of Nepal

Nepal has a very unique culture that is distinct from other Asian nations. The unique culture of Nepal has been successfully preserved over many years by being passed down without being unspoiled. The blend of Indo-Aryan, Mongolian, and Tibetan cultures is largely responsible for Nepalese culture. The lengthy history of trade, invasion, and migration of many ethnic groups from various locations is what gives rise to the contemporary culture of Nepal.

The two main religions of the nation—Hinduism and Buddhism—support the culture to a large extent. Many ethnic, tribal, and social groupings with various lifestyles and attitudes have been formed as a result of the taste of both religious and cultural heritages. Along with these two religions, Islam, Christianity, Jainism, Sikhism, Kirat, Bon, ancestor worship, and animism is also present in this country. Despite coming from different religious backgrounds these people have lived in harmony for centuries. In Nepal, Most people practice the Hindu religion. Here is a snippet-

  • Hinduism – 80.6%
  • Buddhism – 10.7%
  • Muslim – 4.4%
  • Christian – 5%
  • Other – 0.4%

Languages of Nepal

Around 101 different ethnic groups speak about 92 languages in this country. This suggests that there is no question about the diversity of Nepalese culture. Primarily, the many ethnic groups each speak their own native tongue. In addition, everyone in Nepal speaks Nepali, the country’s official tongue.

The majority of individuals also speak and understand Hindi in addition to Nepali. Also, Most adults speak and understand English quite well. Many schools teach the English language, so there is a prominence of this language in the country. The Languages spoken as per the mother tongue in Nepal can be divided as Nepali(44.6%), Maithili(11.7%), Bhojpuri(6%), Tharu(5.8%), Tamang(5.1%), Nepal Bhasa(3.2), Magar(3%), Bajjika(3%) and Doteli(3%).

Festivals of Nepal

Nepal has a rich cultural heritage and people celebrate many festivals throughout the year. The main festivals in Nepal are Dashain, Tihar, Teej, Maghe Sankranti, Lhosar, Shivaratri, and Budha Jayanti. Festivals such as Dashain, Tihar, and Teej bring light to the lives of Nepali people and honor mythology, bringing families together in celebration with colorful costumes, delicious food, and traditions and practices. These festivals include dancing, feasting, and a variety of traditional activities that reflect local culture and customs. Each festival has its own unique rituals and traditions that reflect the deep-rooted culture of Nepal. From colorful parades and singing to fire rituals and worship, there is something for everyone to enjoy when celebrating these festivals of Nepal.


Comparing Nepali cuisine to those of its neighbors, it doesn’t really stand out much. The Indian and Tibetan styles of cooking influence the meals of Nepal along with their similar culture. However, in addition to Thakali food, Newars prepare unique cuisines in the valley.

The most famous dish in Nepal is Dal Bhat Tarkari. This dish consists of dal (lentil soup), bhat (rice), tarkari (curry vegetables), and then achar (pickle). The mixture also includes curried meat to further distinguish it, given in Masu Bhat. Nepalese People eat Masu bhat occasionally at some festivals and events. Furthermore, People prepare Rotis (Tortillas) and Dhido as anytime meals in their homes. Also, Nepali people frequently eat momos and chowmein as snacks. For this Popular lunch, Nepali people line up primarily at the Momo centers.

Customs in Nepal:

Many castes and ethnic groups have different customs. Accordingly, Nepalese people follow Traditional etiquette measures strictly. While some of its customs are similar to those in India and other South Asian countries, locals have their own traditions that should be respected and followed. Everything from how you greet people, accept food or gifts, dress, or even a way of entering a home. Nepalese culture has specific rules for all of these. The basic structure of religions serves as their guide for their customs.

Interesting customs of Nepal

  • You can’t sip water by putting your lips on the water jug’s mouth. This results in Jutho, which means Impure and immoral.
  • Before washing your face in the morning you shouldn’t eat anything.
  • You cannot consume cow meat or beef meat. Cows are regarded as gods in Nepal.
  • The right hand is used for good deeds by Nepali people such as eating, donating, praying, and other activities. Nepalese don’t think using your left hand while eating is a good idea.
  • Nepali people show respect for their elderly by not calling their names.
  • Nepalese people say “namaste” to one another when they meet. So to say “namaste,” you join both of your hands in front of your chest.

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